Affectionate, Alert, Intelligent
The Welsh Corgi originated in Wales, United Kingdom and is believed to be descended from Swedish Vallhund brought to Wales by the Vikings. Its name is derived from “Cor gi” which means “dwarf dog” in Welsh and is one of the oldest herding breeds. Since 1934, it is generally categorized as two distinct breeds namely, the Cardigan and the Pembroke. The Cardigan was named after its area of origin, Cardiganshire, Wales and is a bit larger with larger rounded ears and a fox-like brush while the Pembroke has rounded, pointed ears and a bit smaller. The Cardigan was developed from the Teckel or Dachshund, a similarly short-legged and elongated dog breed and originally came in brindle and red exclusively. When collies were added to the mix, tricolours and blue merle began to appear. The Cardigan was originally bred as a farm guardian but was later on given a job as cattle herder. It was first shown in England in 1919. Today, the Cardigan is still being used as an effective flock herder valued for its working and guarding abilities as well as its companionship.
Like other herding dogs that are bred to do specific tasks, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a tendency to develop its own pastime and can become destructive if not given a job to do. As a cattle dog, the Cardigan is very active and athletic that packs an enormous amount of stamina. It is a joyful and loving breed, never shy nor aggressive, but has a stubborn streak mainly due to its natural instinct to command its surroundings. A naturally alert character and its wariness of strangers make it a good watchdog. The breed is very affectionate and a very devoted companion and is generally good with children and other dogs.
Training should be firm, consistent, varied and with positive reinforcement as the Welsh Corgi is typically an intelligent breed which can get bored very easily with repetitive training.
The coat of the Cardigan is weather-proof and generally clean and odourless. Grooming is minimal and very straightforward; once a week brushing to remove loose or dead hair is sufficient. The breed sheds moderately twice a year.
The Welsh Corgi (both the Cardigan and the Pembroke) are among the healthiest and longest-lived dogs belonging to the Pastoral group. The Cardigan has an average lifespan between 12 to 14 years and tends to be more robust and hardier with fewer known inherited medical issues. Chief among them is canine hip dysplasia which can cause severe arthritis of the hips, degenerative myelopathy and progressive retinal atrophy which culminates into blindness. Because of its long stature, the Cardigan should be picked up in a proper manner to prevent from injuring the breed’s spinal cord.
Despite having a low stature, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi requires a moderate amount of exercise and must not be overfed or it could become obese and could fracture its relatively short legs or damage its very long back. This energetic breed requires a couple of good walks everyday to keep it physically and mentally fit.
It's strong herding instinct can sometimes manifest by nipping at people’s heels particularly with that of children.