Picardy Spaniel

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Life span

13 Years


25 Kg


Hybrid Dogs

Picardy Spaniel Overview

The Picardy Sheepdog (also known as Berger Picard in America) is a medium-sized, well-muscled (but not bulky) breed that is strong and intelligent. It has distinctively erect natural ears set rather high on the head and wide at the base, measuring about 10-12.5 cm and turned forward. The head is rectangular in profile with a slight sloping stop between the muzzle planes and the skull. A slight furrow between the eyes is evident as well as rough eyebrows that are neither short or long as to cover the eyes. Its medium-sized eyes are oval shaped, turned forward but not protruding and are medium to dark brown in colour. The long hair on the muzzle forms into a moustache and beard. It has harsh, thick wiry coat that is about 5-6 cm in length all over the body with a slight ruff on the front and sides of the neck. The tail reaches to the hock and ends in a J-hook at the tip. The nose is large and black in colour. A strong and muscular neck blends smoothly into the shoulders and supports the rectangular head. The front legs are straight, complimenting the long and well laid back shoulder blades. The thigh and stifle are angulated, well-muscled and well-balanced with the front legs. All four legs are supported by rounded feet with well-arched toes. The harsh double coat comes in fawn or brindle. A male should stand between 60-65 cm while a female should be 55-60 cm in height at the withers. Typical weight for this breed is between 22.5 to 31.5 kgs.

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Picardy Spaniel Characteristics

Size InformationIntelligence
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Size InformationExercise Needs
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Size InformationDogs Health
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Size InformationChild Friendly
  • 5
Size InformationApartment
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Size InformationShedding
  • 4
Size InformationGrooming Needs
  • 5
Size InformationBarking
  • 2
Size InformationAlone
  • 3
Size InformationTrainability
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Size InformationEnergy Levels
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Size InformationDog friendly
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History & Origin

Although the Picardy Sheepdog is France’s oldest sheepdog breed, there are no specific written records regarding its exact ancestry. Originating from Picardy in northern France, some say that the earliest ancestors dates as far back as the 4th century B.C. and was brought to France by the Celts. Others suggest that this sheepdog was introduced in the 9th century by the Franks. There are also experts that insist that the Picardy Sheepdog is related to the Briard and Beauceron while others think that it is related with the Dutch and Belgian Shepherds. Whatever the truth is, this breed has definitely been around for quite a long time.

It made its first formal appearance in 1863 during the first French dog show but did not gain popularity because of its rustic appearance. It was not until 1925 that the breed was officially recognized as a distinct breed. The advent of the two World Wars further affected the breeding stock of the Picardy Sheepdog which nearly decimated the breed. Today, the Picardy Sheepdog is one of the rare breeds in the United Kingdom, with only 40 registered in the country.

Picardy Spaniel Temperament

The Picardy Sheepdog is a true working breed that belongs to the Pastoral group of the Kennel Club. It has all the traits of a good herding dog: good-natured, loyal, and observant dog. It is active and vigilant, watchful, quietly self-assured, and can be aloof with strangers, but is not shy or nervous. As a pet, it can be occasionally ill-behaved and stubborn but like any other breed, will benefit from proper training and early socialization.

Picardy Spaniel Training

Like any other sheepdogs, this breed is quite easy to train because of its intelligence. It is not an ideal pet for first-time pet owners, though. This dog has a very strong hunting instinct which needs someone who is familiar with handling similar type breeds, but it is quick to learn and intelligent. A firm and consistent hand coupled with positive reinforcement will go a long way for the Picardy Sheepdog. Similar to most breeds, harsh words and rough training won’t do any good. As a true working dog, it will do quite well with agility events and obedience contests.


This breed has a rustic, natural looking topcoat that is harsh and rough with a soft, dense undercoat. The coat should only be brushed on a weekly basis to prevent matting. Bathing can be rarely done because the coat is weatherproof. It does not shed as much like any other breed and has less “doggy odour” compared to other dogs.


The Picardy Sheepdog is a relatively healthy breed and like any other herding dog is prone to:

  • Canine Hip Dysplasia, an abnormal formation of the hip socket which can cause crippling lameness and painful arthritis of the joints.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), characterized by the bilateral degeneration of the retina causing progressive vision loss.
  • Retinal dysplasia (RD), an eye disease affecting the retina of certain animals.

This dog is a picky eater so try to experiment which food will best suit its taste buds. The average lifespan is between 12 and 13 years.

Picardy Spaniel Exercise Needs

The amount of exercise depends on whether it is kept in an apartment as a companion or in a rural setting as a working dog. An hour of daily walks along the sidewalk, half an hour jogging or running alongside a bike or a whole day of running and playing in an open space is the ideal exercise for the Picardy Sheepdog. With enough physical and mental stimulation, this breed will get along quite well in any setting.

Children and other pets

This charming medium-sized breed is very people-oriented, loyal and intelligent and makes a good companion if properly socialized. It is general regarded as a pet that is particularly good with children and other pets. A well-socialized Picardy Sheepdog will play with other dogs in the neighbourhood, sometimes running around other dogs in an attempt to herd them.