Home > Dog Breeds > Kromfohrlander


Life span

15 Years


16 Kg


Hybrid Dogs

Kromfohrlander Overview

The Kromfohrländer is a medium-sized dog that originated in Germany. It was developed solely as a companion dog. Being such, the Kromfohrländer is good-natured, intelligent dog that loves to play. It is characterized by two types of coat: wirehaired (Rauhaar in German) and smooth-haired (Glatthaar). The wirehaired variety sports a beard and therefore closely resembles a terrier, while the smooth-haired variety has a rather long silky coat and looks rather like a spaniel. In both varieties, the coat colour is brown/tan/buff markings over a white background. The face also sports a symmetrical blaze. The ideal size for dogs is between 38-46cm at withers while females should have an ideal height of 35-43cm. The ideal weight is between 10-16kgs.

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Kromfohrlander Characteristics

Size InformationIntelligence
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Size InformationExercise Needs
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Size InformationDogs Health
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Size InformationChild Friendly
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Size InformationApartment
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Size InformationShedding
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Size InformationGrooming Needs
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Size InformationBarking
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Size InformationAlone
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Size InformationTrainability
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Size InformationEnergy Levels
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Size InformationDog friendly
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History & Origin

The Kromfohrländer originated in Germany during the 1940s. It was created from a stray dog, “Original Peter” found and adopted by American soldiers in France during the Second World War. Original Peter was brought to Germany by the soldiers but got lost in the process. It was here that he was discovered by Ilsa Schleifenbaum, who developed the breed by using various terrier and griffon-type breeds for 10 fruitful years. The Kromfohrländer was solely developed as a companion dog, particularly after the war when most German women lost their husbands during the war campaign. It retains very little hunting instinct, despite having a terrier in its blood. Although the breed started in Germany, it is seldom seen in its native country of origin and is quite hard to find purebred puppies because there are only a handful of available each year. At the moment, the Kromfohrländer is not recognised by the Kennel Club of UK.

Kromfohrlander Temperament

Originally bred by a German lady as a companion dog, the Kromfohrländer sports a very lively, good-natured, and intelligent temperament. Even though there is a terrier breed in its lineage, the Kromfohrländer has a very weak hunting instinct and gets along well with other dogs. This breed loves to play around and run in the yard. It is well-adapted in any given situation and loves human companionship, often forming a strong bond with one person in the family whom it rarely stays very far from. It is wary of strangers and other children at first, but once it gets comfortable and familiar, it is friends with them forever.

Kromfohrlander Training

Training is easy and the Kromfohrländer learns new things very quickly so it is a good choice for first time dog owners. In fact, training is a breeze that the breed can recognize new commands with just a few repetitions, plus the fact that this dog loves to please so it is always a pleasure to have him trained, even by an inexperienced dog handler/owner. Early training and socialisation is always the key to raising an adult Kromfohrländer that is well-balanced and calm. Training methods should always be simple, consistent, fair, and reinforced with treats and praised and should not be repetitive.


Like any other breed of canines, the Kromfohrländer needs to be groomed on a regular basis, preferably twice a week, to keep the coat in pristine condition and the skin healthy and free from irritants and allergies. The Kromfohrländer has a profuse undercoat, but the outer coat may consist of wire hair or smooth hair, depending on the variety. It sheds moderately during seasonal changes wherein more frequent brushings is usually required to minimize shedding and keep the coat free from loose dead hairs. Grooming should also involve checking the ears regularly, looking for signs of wax build-up or infections which can cause serious illness to the breed. In other words, preventive measures are always better than cure.


The Kromfohrländer is a long-lived dog with an average lifespan of 17-18 years. There are some minor health issues that have been known to affect other pedigrees, including:

  • Canine epilepsy – or seizures are caused by abnormal bursts of electrical activity in the brain;
  • Cystinuria – a hereditary disease involving the high concentrations of amino acids in the urine that leads to the formation of kidney stones and bladder stones;
  • Hyperkeratosis – otherwise known as “corny feet”, is the thickening of the outermost layer of the epidermis of the skin;
  • Patellar luxation – or “trick knee”, a condition in which the kneecap moves out of its normal location.

Kromfohrlander Exercise Needs

Exercise is one of the major requirements in owning a dog and the Kromfohrländer is no exception. Even though it was primarily developed as a family companion, regular daily exercise is required to ensure the breed remains fit and healthy. High-quality diet should also be given to make sure that it meets all the nutritional requirements that it needs.

Children and other pets

The Kromfohrländer is a family companion dog which thrives on human companionship. With that being said, this dog enjoys nothing more than being around the family, especially children. This dog loves to play with kids and goes along well with them regardless of age. However, care should always be taken when children and dogs interact together to make sure playtime does not end up getting too animated. It also does well with other dogs especially if well-socialised from an early age. If the dog grew up with family cats, it will also get along with them very well. However, the same may not always be true with strange cats, as it might chase those it may come across with.