The Jack Russell Terrier is a small breed that was developed in England. It is a bold, fearless, friendly, confident, and stubborn breed, typical of a terrier. The Jack Russell was originally bred to hunt foxes, with longer legs so that it can cope up with the hounds on the hunt. A flexible body gives the breed enough mobility to squeeze into burrows and underground dens where its prey hides. This ability, coupled with its appealing terrier characteristics makes it an absolutely wonderful house pet and an excellent hunting partner. The average weight of a Jack Russell is 8.2 kg. The muzzle tapers to a point with a well-defined stop, has almond-shaped eyes with keen expression, button or dropped ears, fairly deep chest and a tail that is carried completely erect when moving. The weatherproof coat of the Jack Russell Terrier may be smooth, rough, or broken, predominantly white with black and/or tan markings (light tan to rich chestnut tan). The average size of the Jack Russell Terrier is between 25 cm and 30 cm.
All dog breeds have different levels of intellect. Some dog breeds; working dogs in particular, are very independent thinkers and have been evolved to be very intelligent. Typically, a highly intelligent dog does well in obedience training and other activities. A highly intelligent dog can be very demanding and do require lots of physical and mental stimulation. If you’re looking for a relatively laid-back dog, that doesn’t require lots of mental and physical stimulation, then you must fully understand the level of intelligence of your dog breed of choice.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, you must fully understand their intellect levels and their specific levels of energy. To keep your dog well-balanced and happy, their needs must be met and maintained.
All dog breeds have different needs when it comes to the level of exercise they require. For the high energy dogs; which are your typical working dogs, they have a lot of energy and require lots of daily exercise along with plenty of mental stimulation. A highly energetic dog breed would suit an individual or family that is equally as active and loves the outdoors. There are also breeds that have relatively low exercise needs, such as toy dog breeds. Although they require daily exercise and mental stimulation, they’re just as happy chilling at home with their loved ones. This type of dog breed would suit an individual or family that prefers the peace and quiet and relaxation.
Before deciding on your chosen dog breed, Mypetzilla recommends that you research the exercise needs and whether you’re well equipped before committing to buying or adopting a particular dog breed.
There are several dog breeds that are known and potentially predisposed to developing health related conditions. Sensible breeding can help prevent the onset of health related conditions and this should always be taken into condition when researching your dog breed of choice. Before committing to a dog, you should speak to the breeder about any health related conditions that may affect the dog you’re looking to buy or adopt. You can also request to see any test results from genetic testing.
There are many dog breeds that tolerate children really well and are not affected by the constant noise and need for play-time. However, there are some dog breeds that don’t do very well with children and can become frustrated and snappy. That being said, all children should be shown how to handle and care for a dog in their home and should always be supervised when playing. As much as a dog can become annoyed and snappy with a younger child, the child can also become less tolerant and misbehaved towards the dog.
Mypetzilla recommends that you always supervise play-time between your children and dog. Children need to respect the boundaries and feeding time for the dog and likewise for the child. We also strongly advise that play-time doesn’t get out of control and too rough which can cause injury to both child and dog.
There are lots of dog breeds that are well suited to living in an apartment. It’s worthwhile noting that you need to check that you’re allowed dogs in your building before committing to bringing one home. If you do decide to own a dog and are living in an apartment, then you must make sure that they have plenty of room to roam around and frequent walks outside to prevent them from becoming bored and depressed.
Mypetzilla recommends that you check as to whether you’re allowed dogs in your apartment building and to fully ensure your apartment is dog proof before committing fully to bringing a dog home.
All dog breeds shed to some extent, some more than others. With this, all potential dog owners should be aware of this, as it will be a matter of putting up with some hair or lots of hair being left around the house. Depending on the dog breed, there are certain times during the year where some dog breeds shed the most and this is typically around spring and autumn. However, there are some dog breeds that shed all year round.
If you’re very house-proud, they you may want to choose a dog breed that sheds very little. Mypetzilla strongly recommends that you fully research your dog breed of choice and their shedding levels before committing.
All dog breeds require different levels of grooming. Some dog breeds are easier to maintain than others and only require a weekly brush to help keep their coat in good condition. There are some dog breeds that require regular trips to the grooming parlour and this can come at a huge cost. Either way, all dog breeds require their coat and nails to be maintained and cared for.
Mypetzilla strongly advices that potential owners research the grooming needs and associated costs with their desired dog breed before fully committing.
Barking is a necessity for your dog to communicate. However, it can also be a nuisance to yourself and fellow neighbours if it’s not kept under control. If you live in an apartment, then you’re better off choosing a dog breed that doesn’t bark as much. If you live further out and far from civilisation, then it’s worthwhile looking into a dog breed that does bark and will bark to alert you of any other company on your property.
Mypetzilla advices that you research the behaviours of your dog breed of choice and whether this would work for you and your family. It’s worth noting that dogs can be trained to bark less and this will take a lot of effort and training from the owner.
Majority dog breeds form very close relationships with their owners and as a result can become very stressed when left alone for a period of time. If a dog is suffering with separation anxiety then they’re very likely to become destructive around the home as a way of dealing with their anxieties. Dog breeds that do form strong bonds with their owners are better accustomed to a household where one member of the family remains home, whilst the others are out, this is to help avoid further anxieties and destructive behaviours.
Mypetzilla recommends that all potential owners research their dog breed of choice on their bonding abilities and how well-adjusted they are to being left alone at home. It’s also worth noting that you should never leave your dog for longer than 4 hours alone at home.
There are certain dogs breeds that have very high intellect and therefore easier to train than other dog breeds. There is also a downside to this; as fast as they learn the new trick or command, they can easily pick up bad habits just as quick. Other dog breeds that don’t rank as high on the intellect scale require patience and plenty of reward treats from their owners during training.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, Mypetzilla advices you to fully research your dog breed of choice and their level of training needs.
All dog breeds have different energy levels. The working dog breed has one of the highest energy levels in comparison to the low-energy dog’s breeds such as the Toy dog breed group. To keep a dog truly happy, healthy and well-balanced, their energy levels must be met.
High-energy dog breeds need lots of exercise and mental stimulation. High energy dog breeds would suit an active family or person. Dog breeds that are considered as low-energy, love to spend the majority of their time relaxing and sleeping in their favourite, comfy spot. A low-energy dog breed would suit an individual that equally loves the quiet life and relaxing lifestyle. Of course, low-energy dogs still need their daily walks and mental stimulation, just not as much as a high-energy dog breed.
Mypetzilla recommends that potential owner research fully on the type of dog breed that would suit their existing lifestyle and to also take into consideration the dog breeds energy levels and exercise requirements.
Before you decide on what dog breed would be suitable for you and your family, you must consider whether they’re a friendly dog breed and if you already have other pets within the household. For homes that already have dogs and other domestic pets, then it’s wise to choose a dog breed that has a friendly personality and temperament.
There are some dog breeds that mix well with other dog breeds and there are others that don’t suit one another and this could potentially cause issues later on down the line.
Another important point to consider is whether the dog breed of choice is friendly towards people and children.
Mypetzilla recommends to research fully on the right dog breed for your family and to also consider their temperament and characteristics.
The Jack Russell Terrier that we know today was developed in England in 1819 by Rev. John “Jack” Russell (1795 – 1883). Jack Russell was a parson and hunting enthusiasts who developed the breed for fox hunting from a small white and tan terrier female named Trump which he acquired from a local milkman. Russell’s breeding program revolved around the development of a terrier with great stamina for hunting, as well as the bravery and intelligence to bolt out foxes from their burrows without harming them. These attributes made these terriers well-known and a lot of hunters took interest in the breed. Following Russell’s death in 1883, several breed enthusiasts continue breeding Russell’s strains albeit the targeted size were a little smaller than Fox terriers. The first breed standard was written in 1894, and although it is an old breed, it was only recognised as a breed by the Kennel Club (UK) in January 1, 2016.
The Jack Russell Terrier is alert, courageous, energetic, intelligent, lively, and stubborn at times. It is a muscular, rough, and obstinate working terrier and many Jack Russell Terriers are moody or destructive if not properly exercised or mentally and physically stimulated. It has a tendency to become bored very easily and will often channel its boredom into its very own unique amusement when left alone for long periods of time. It is not an apartment or condominium dog because it needs a lot of physical activity in order to stay healthy. It is best suited to a home with a fenced-in yard because this breed will take off like a shot when it encounters any unfamiliar moving animals or objects such as rabbits, cats, other dogs, bicycles, and cars. This breed is also an escape artist who can dig his way out of the fence so make sure the garden fence is buried enough to discourage the Jack Russell Terrier from digging an escape route.
This high energy terrier makes is ideally suitable to a number of dog sports where it can be exceptionally good, including flyball, sprinting, retrieving or agility trials. Obedience training is also highly recommended to potential owners as this small dog packs a lot of attitude. It has a stubborn streak and can become aggressive towards other animals and humans if not properly trained and socialised early. Training should be firm, gentle but consistent and must be handled by an owner who is committed to getting the dog to do what it is commanded of it. It is not a pet for a first-time dog owner. In that sense, it is more suitable to an owner with prior experience to handling terrier-type breeds.
The Jack Russell Terrier will benefit from weekly brushing to keep the hair clean and neat-looking, no matter what the coat type is – smooth, rough, or broken. The coat of the broken-coated Jack Russell Terrier should be plucked or stripped using a stripping knife twice a year to allow new hairs to grow and maintain proper coat texture. Stripping will also lessen shedding. Bathing is on an as-needed basis. Inspect the ears for signs of infection and wax build-up, cleaning as necessary. Teeth should be brushed on a weekly basis to prevent gum problems and bad breath. Nails should be trimmed monthly if clicking sound on the floor is heard when the dog is walking or running.
The typical lifespan of the Jack Russell Terrier is 13 to 16 years and is considered a long-lived dog. Strict breeding practices for generations kept the breed generally healthy and free from major hereditary health issues, unlike other dogs. There are however, certain lines of Jack Russells that have been observed to be affected by a few minor health issues, including hereditary cataracts, lens luxation, congenital deafness, luxating patella, ataxia, myasthenia gravis, Legg-Calve-Perthes syndrome, and Von Willebrand disease.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a very high energy dog because it is a working dog. Despite its small stature, this breed is not recommended for an apartment or condominium life, unless it is given proper physical and mental exercises on a daily basis. Take note that this breed has a tremendous amount of energy for its size, which can become a potential problem towards other animals, especially larger ones. A great way to exercise the breed is to play catch with a ball. Jack Russell Terriers love to chase balls so much that they seemed obsessed with it.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a wonderful companion dog in a hunt but the same may not be true as a family dog. Although different dogs have different personalities, in general, the Jack Russell Terrier will not tolerate abuse from children even if it is unintentional. However, with early socialisation and proper training, this breed can be friendly towards children. It is generally aggressive towards other dogs.