long and profuse coat. It was traditionally used to herd reindeer and is one of the most popular dog breeds in its native origin of Finland. The Finnish Lapphund is described as a brave but friendly breed. It has a distinctive erect or semi-erect mobile ears, dark elegant nose and eye rims, and a short muzzle. It also features oval-shaped dark brown eyes with soft and friendly expression, well-arched feet covered with thick hair, and a highly set, medium length tail covered with profuse long hair which is carried curved over the back or side when moving as is typical of all Spitz-type dogs. The profuse double coat is made of soft and dense undercoat with long, coarse and straight outer coat. Males features a more abundant mane than females. Distinct markings are visible on the face, neck, chest, legs, tail, and belly. One of the distinct facial markings is the ring of lighter coloured hair around the eyes of the dog that resembles “spectacles”. The breed comes in all coat colours except merle. The Finnish Lapphund’s ideal height is 49cm for dogs and 44cm for bitches and a weight range between 15kg and 24kg.
All dog breeds have different levels of intellect. Some dog breeds; working dogs in particular, are very independent thinkers and have been evolved to be very intelligent. Typically, a highly intelligent dog does well in obedience training and other activities. A highly intelligent dog can be very demanding and do require lots of physical and mental stimulation. If you’re looking for a relatively laid-back dog, that doesn’t require lots of mental and physical stimulation, then you must fully understand the level of intelligence of your dog breed of choice.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, you must fully understand their intellect levels and their specific levels of energy. To keep your dog well-balanced and happy, their needs must be met and maintained.
All dog breeds have different needs when it comes to the level of exercise they require. For the high energy dogs; which are your typical working dogs, they have a lot of energy and require lots of daily exercise along with plenty of mental stimulation. A highly energetic dog breed would suit an individual or family that is equally as active and loves the outdoors. There are also breeds that have relatively low exercise needs, such as toy dog breeds. Although they require daily exercise and mental stimulation, they’re just as happy chilling at home with their loved ones. This type of dog breed would suit an individual or family that prefers the peace and quiet and relaxation.
Before deciding on your chosen dog breed, Mypetzilla recommends that you research the exercise needs and whether you’re well equipped before committing to buying or adopting a particular dog breed.
There are several dog breeds that are known and potentially predisposed to developing health related conditions. Sensible breeding can help prevent the onset of health related conditions and this should always be taken into condition when researching your dog breed of choice. Before committing to a dog, you should speak to the breeder about any health related conditions that may affect the dog you’re looking to buy or adopt. You can also request to see any test results from genetic testing.
There are many dog breeds that tolerate children really well and are not affected by the constant noise and need for play-time. However, there are some dog breeds that don’t do very well with children and can become frustrated and snappy. That being said, all children should be shown how to handle and care for a dog in their home and should always be supervised when playing. As much as a dog can become annoyed and snappy with a younger child, the child can also become less tolerant and misbehaved towards the dog.
Mypetzilla recommends that you always supervise play-time between your children and dog. Children need to respect the boundaries and feeding time for the dog and likewise for the child. We also strongly advise that play-time doesn’t get out of control and too rough which can cause injury to both child and dog.
There are lots of dog breeds that are well suited to living in an apartment. It’s worthwhile noting that you need to check that you’re allowed dogs in your building before committing to bringing one home. If you do decide to own a dog and are living in an apartment, then you must make sure that they have plenty of room to roam around and frequent walks outside to prevent them from becoming bored and depressed.
Mypetzilla recommends that you check as to whether you’re allowed dogs in your apartment building and to fully ensure your apartment is dog proof before committing fully to bringing a dog home.
All dog breeds shed to some extent, some more than others. With this, all potential dog owners should be aware of this, as it will be a matter of putting up with some hair or lots of hair being left around the house. Depending on the dog breed, there are certain times during the year where some dog breeds shed the most and this is typically around spring and autumn. However, there are some dog breeds that shed all year round.
If you’re very house-proud, they you may want to choose a dog breed that sheds very little. Mypetzilla strongly recommends that you fully research your dog breed of choice and their shedding levels before committing.
All dog breeds require different levels of grooming. Some dog breeds are easier to maintain than others and only require a weekly brush to help keep their coat in good condition. There are some dog breeds that require regular trips to the grooming parlour and this can come at a huge cost. Either way, all dog breeds require their coat and nails to be maintained and cared for.
Mypetzilla strongly advices that potential owners research the grooming needs and associated costs with their desired dog breed before fully committing.
Barking is a necessity for your dog to communicate. However, it can also be a nuisance to yourself and fellow neighbours if it’s not kept under control. If you live in an apartment, then you’re better off choosing a dog breed that doesn’t bark as much. If you live further out and far from civilisation, then it’s worthwhile looking into a dog breed that does bark and will bark to alert you of any other company on your property.
Mypetzilla advices that you research the behaviours of your dog breed of choice and whether this would work for you and your family. It’s worth noting that dogs can be trained to bark less and this will take a lot of effort and training from the owner.
Majority dog breeds form very close relationships with their owners and as a result can become very stressed when left alone for a period of time. If a dog is suffering with separation anxiety then they’re very likely to become destructive around the home as a way of dealing with their anxieties. Dog breeds that do form strong bonds with their owners are better accustomed to a household where one member of the family remains home, whilst the others are out, this is to help avoid further anxieties and destructive behaviours.
Mypetzilla recommends that all potential owners research their dog breed of choice on their bonding abilities and how well-adjusted they are to being left alone at home. It’s also worth noting that you should never leave your dog for longer than 4 hours alone at home.
There are certain dogs breeds that have very high intellect and therefore easier to train than other dog breeds. There is also a downside to this; as fast as they learn the new trick or command, they can easily pick up bad habits just as quick. Other dog breeds that don’t rank as high on the intellect scale require patience and plenty of reward treats from their owners during training.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, Mypetzilla advices you to fully research your dog breed of choice and their level of training needs.
All dog breeds have different energy levels. The working dog breed has one of the highest energy levels in comparison to the low-energy dog’s breeds such as the Toy dog breed group. To keep a dog truly happy, healthy and well-balanced, their energy levels must be met.
High-energy dog breeds need lots of exercise and mental stimulation. High energy dog breeds would suit an active family or person. Dog breeds that are considered as low-energy, love to spend the majority of their time relaxing and sleeping in their favourite, comfy spot. A low-energy dog breed would suit an individual that equally loves the quiet life and relaxing lifestyle. Of course, low-energy dogs still need their daily walks and mental stimulation, just not as much as a high-energy dog breed.
Mypetzilla recommends that potential owner research fully on the type of dog breed that would suit their existing lifestyle and to also take into consideration the dog breeds energy levels and exercise requirements.
Before you decide on what dog breed would be suitable for you and your family, you must consider whether they’re a friendly dog breed and if you already have other pets within the household. For homes that already have dogs and other domestic pets, then it’s wise to choose a dog breed that has a friendly personality and temperament.
There are some dog breeds that mix well with other dog breeds and there are others that don’t suit one another and this could potentially cause issues later on down the line.
Another important point to consider is whether the dog breed of choice is friendly towards people and children.
Mypetzilla recommends to research fully on the right dog breed for your family and to also consider their temperament and characteristics.
The Finnish Lapphund was originally bred by the Sames in the Nordic countries to herd reindeer. For centuries, the indigenous Sami people have bred dogs for the sole purpose of herding but no one exactly knows when the Sami people first bred this reindeer herder. These dogs have typically long bodies with long profuse coats and straight tails that would curl over the back when the dog is active. These dogs were trustworthy, independent, and courageous, capable of defending their flock and themselves when necessary. Archaeological studies have shown that these native Spitz-type dogs of the Lapps were similar to the type seen today. Prior to the advent of the Second World War, the Norwegians and the Swedish were among the first to standardized the breed of the Lapps. In Finland, the first breed standards were written in 1945 just following the end of the World War 2 when the breed was called the Lappish Herder or Kukonharjunlainen. The breed standard was confirmed in 1975 and subsequently revised in 1982 and 1987.
This breed is cheerful, courageous, friendly, and lively with a tendency to herd. It is an intelligent and faithful breed which makes for an excellent household companion. It is highly alert and will typically bark at unfamiliar people and unknown circumstances which makes it an excellent watchdog. It is resistant to extreme cold which make it an ideal outdoor companion during the winter season and will gladly join the family on walking, running, or playing activities. With that being said, it will not do well in warm weather conditions and may suffer from heat stroke. It has a slight stubborn streak but proper training can help mitigate this temperament.
This highly intelligent breed takes well to training with an uncanny ability to think through actions. It can excel in various dog sports such as dog agility, obedience trials, mushing, Rally obedience, flyball, tracking, showmanship events, and herding. Its affectionate and friendly nature makes it also a good dog to train as a therapy dog for sick people and the elderly. However, being originally bred as a reindeer herder, some Finnish Lapphunds have a tendency to bark a lot but proper training can help control this behaviour.
The Finnish Lapphund has a profuse double coat that only requires a modest amount of grooming to keep it in top condition. This waterproof coat is resistant to extreme cold and weekly brushing all-year-round will keep it healthy, except during shedding seasons where daily grooming is recommended to rid the coat of dead hairs.
The Finnish Lapphund is a hardy and healthy breed with an average lifespan between 12 and 14 years, although there are some documented dogs that lived longer than the average. Some of the known medical predispositions that affects the breed are Generalized Progressive Retinal Atrophy (GPRA) and cataracts. GPRA is a progressive disease of the eye, which, when left untreated can cause permanent loss of vision. It typically appears between the ages of 1 and 8 years and is genetically passed from the parents to the offspring. Hereditary cataracts also affect a significant portion of Finnish Lapphunds in Finland, although quite a small number of dogs are affected in the UK. Canine hip dysplasia is also known to affect other dogs but the incidence is quite low.
As a true working dog, the Finnish Lapphund is an active breed that requires daily exercises that are challenging both physically and mentally to prevent him from developing destructive behaviour such as chewing and excessive barking. It will appreciate an opportunity to run freely and explore the outdoors. It will gladly go for a long walk with its owner and can engage its handler in any type of active canine sports for hours on end. Like other working dogs, particularly the herding type, the Finnish Lapphund has a tremendous amount of energy and stamina and is a perfect companion for active owners who like running, hiking, mountain biking, and other outdoor activities. It is not a recommended pet for a city dweller or to someone who works in an office all day.
The Finnish Lapphund is an ideal pet companion to a family with small children as it can tolerate small children. It adapts extremely well to a family life and is very responsive to commands and has a gentle nature with children and other immediate members of the family. It is a very friendly breed and can get along quite well with other dogs. Often, it will run away from any threatening situations and is not the typical breed to pick a fight.