The Brittany is a medium-sized gun dog with a cheerful, energetic, and lively temperament. It originated in France where it is called Epagneul Breton and used in hunting, capable of flushing, pointing and retrieving fowls. It is a compactly-built, athletic dog, moderately well-boned and cobby in appearance. The breed’s overall appearance exemplifies a typical gundog breed. It has a slightly rounded head with a moderate stop, brown oval-shaped eyes (shade depending on coat colour) and triangular ears that are slightly rounded at the tip and covered in slightly wavy hair. The feathered ears fall flat against the cheek and may reach up to the stop when drawn forward. It has a moderately sloping shoulder with a deep chest, well-rounded ribcage, short back and a topline that slopes slightly from the shoulders to the croup. The tail of the Brittany is naturally short or none at all. The front legs are also slightly feathered while the back legs are well-feathered up to the mid-thigh. The dense body coat is made of fairly fine flat or slightly wavy hairs and may come in orange and white, liver and white, black and white, tricolour, or roan. The breed standard calls for an ideal height between 48-51 cm for males and 47-50 cm for females. The ideal weight is between 14-20 kg with the males on the heavier side.
All dog breeds have different levels of intellect. Some dog breeds; working dogs in particular, are very independent thinkers and have been evolved to be very intelligent. Typically, a highly intelligent dog does well in obedience training and other activities. A highly intelligent dog can be very demanding and do require lots of physical and mental stimulation. If you’re looking for a relatively laid-back dog, that doesn’t require lots of mental and physical stimulation, then you must fully understand the level of intelligence of your dog breed of choice.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, you must fully understand their intellect levels and their specific levels of energy. To keep your dog well-balanced and happy, their needs must be met and maintained.
All dog breeds have different needs when it comes to the level of exercise they require. For the high energy dogs; which are your typical working dogs, they have a lot of energy and require lots of daily exercise along with plenty of mental stimulation. A highly energetic dog breed would suit an individual or family that is equally as active and loves the outdoors. There are also breeds that have relatively low exercise needs, such as toy dog breeds. Although they require daily exercise and mental stimulation, they’re just as happy chilling at home with their loved ones. This type of dog breed would suit an individual or family that prefers the peace and quiet and relaxation.
Before deciding on your chosen dog breed, Mypetzilla recommends that you research the exercise needs and whether you’re well equipped before committing to buying or adopting a particular dog breed.
There are several dog breeds that are known and potentially predisposed to developing health related conditions. Sensible breeding can help prevent the onset of health related conditions and this should always be taken into condition when researching your dog breed of choice. Before committing to a dog, you should speak to the breeder about any health related conditions that may affect the dog you’re looking to buy or adopt. You can also request to see any test results from genetic testing.
There are many dog breeds that tolerate children really well and are not affected by the constant noise and need for play-time. However, there are some dog breeds that don’t do very well with children and can become frustrated and snappy. That being said, all children should be shown how to handle and care for a dog in their home and should always be supervised when playing. As much as a dog can become annoyed and snappy with a younger child, the child can also become less tolerant and misbehaved towards the dog.
Mypetzilla recommends that you always supervise play-time between your children and dog. Children need to respect the boundaries and feeding time for the dog and likewise for the child. We also strongly advise that play-time doesn’t get out of control and too rough which can cause injury to both child and dog.
There are lots of dog breeds that are well suited to living in an apartment. It’s worthwhile noting that you need to check that you’re allowed dogs in your building before committing to bringing one home. If you do decide to own a dog and are living in an apartment, then you must make sure that they have plenty of room to roam around and frequent walks outside to prevent them from becoming bored and depressed.
Mypetzilla recommends that you check as to whether you’re allowed dogs in your apartment building and to fully ensure your apartment is dog proof before committing fully to bringing a dog home.
All dog breeds shed to some extent, some more than others. With this, all potential dog owners should be aware of this, as it will be a matter of putting up with some hair or lots of hair being left around the house. Depending on the dog breed, there are certain times during the year where some dog breeds shed the most and this is typically around spring and autumn. However, there are some dog breeds that shed all year round.
If you’re very house-proud, they you may want to choose a dog breed that sheds very little. Mypetzilla strongly recommends that you fully research your dog breed of choice and their shedding levels before committing.
All dog breeds require different levels of grooming. Some dog breeds are easier to maintain than others and only require a weekly brush to help keep their coat in good condition. There are some dog breeds that require regular trips to the grooming parlour and this can come at a huge cost. Either way, all dog breeds require their coat and nails to be maintained and cared for.
Mypetzilla strongly advices that potential owners research the grooming needs and associated costs with their desired dog breed before fully committing.
Barking is a necessity for your dog to communicate. However, it can also be a nuisance to yourself and fellow neighbours if it’s not kept under control. If you live in an apartment, then you’re better off choosing a dog breed that doesn’t bark as much. If you live further out and far from civilisation, then it’s worthwhile looking into a dog breed that does bark and will bark to alert you of any other company on your property.
Mypetzilla advices that you research the behaviours of your dog breed of choice and whether this would work for you and your family. It’s worth noting that dogs can be trained to bark less and this will take a lot of effort and training from the owner.
Majority dog breeds form very close relationships with their owners and as a result can become very stressed when left alone for a period of time. If a dog is suffering with separation anxiety then they’re very likely to become destructive around the home as a way of dealing with their anxieties. Dog breeds that do form strong bonds with their owners are better accustomed to a household where one member of the family remains home, whilst the others are out, this is to help avoid further anxieties and destructive behaviours.
Mypetzilla recommends that all potential owners research their dog breed of choice on their bonding abilities and how well-adjusted they are to being left alone at home. It’s also worth noting that you should never leave your dog for longer than 4 hours alone at home.
There are certain dogs breeds that have very high intellect and therefore easier to train than other dog breeds. There is also a downside to this; as fast as they learn the new trick or command, they can easily pick up bad habits just as quick. Other dog breeds that don’t rank as high on the intellect scale require patience and plenty of reward treats from their owners during training.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, Mypetzilla advices you to fully research your dog breed of choice and their level of training needs.
All dog breeds have different energy levels. The working dog breed has one of the highest energy levels in comparison to the low-energy dog’s breeds such as the Toy dog breed group. To keep a dog truly happy, healthy and well-balanced, their energy levels must be met.
High-energy dog breeds need lots of exercise and mental stimulation. High energy dog breeds would suit an active family or person. Dog breeds that are considered as low-energy, love to spend the majority of their time relaxing and sleeping in their favourite, comfy spot. A low-energy dog breed would suit an individual that equally loves the quiet life and relaxing lifestyle. Of course, low-energy dogs still need their daily walks and mental stimulation, just not as much as a high-energy dog breed.
Mypetzilla recommends that potential owner research fully on the type of dog breed that would suit their existing lifestyle and to also take into consideration the dog breeds energy levels and exercise requirements.
Before you decide on what dog breed would be suitable for you and your family, you must consider whether they’re a friendly dog breed and if you already have other pets within the household. For homes that already have dogs and other domestic pets, then it’s wise to choose a dog breed that has a friendly personality and temperament.
There are some dog breeds that mix well with other dog breeds and there are others that don’t suit one another and this could potentially cause issues later on down the line.
Another important point to consider is whether the dog breed of choice is friendly towards people and children.
Mypetzilla recommends to research fully on the right dog breed for your family and to also consider their temperament and characteristics.
The breed originated in a commune called Callac located in the Brittany region of northwest France where it is named after. Orange and white dogs similar to the modern-day Brittany were first depicted on tapestries and paintings as early as the 17th century. The first written records of the Brittany was written by Rev. Davies in the 1850s where he described an athletic hunting dog with bobtail that pointed and was an excellent retriever. This breed also mated with the local “Le Fougere”, an athletic spaniel from the area. It was around the same period that the modern-day Brittany is said to have been developed by crossing with the Gordon Setter and the English Setter. It was first recognized as a breed in 1907 and the first breed standard was written in the same year. The first French Champion Brittany was a liver and white dog named Max de Callac.
The Brittany was primarily bred as a hunting dog and with such breeding comes great stamina, speed, and extreme bravery. As a typical gundog, the Brittany in general, is a social animal without unruly behaviour towards its human companion or towards other dogs as well. However, temperament may vary, depending on the level of training and socialisation that the dog was given during the early stage. Some Brittanys can become aloof with strangers but are not typically aggressive. In fact, even well-socialized dogs have a certain level of variation when it comes to friendliness. A well-socialised Brittany is a perfect companion for both humans and animals in the home. For the most part, the Brittany is fairly inactive indoors but will not hesitate to bark at the doorbell. It can tolerate cold weather but will not do well in hot climates.
It is a natural working dog that is eager to please and easy to train but is quite generally more sensitive to correction than other hunting-pointing-setting breeds. It is a quick-learning dog, very loyal to its master and has a tendency to become attached to a single person in the family. It is sensitive to harsh treatment so it is best to train the Brittany firmly but gently with positive reinforcements including praise or food rewards. It excels in all types of hunting work and can compete in obedience and agility trials.
The flat coat of the Brittany does not have any undercoat so it is fairly easy to maintain. Just regular brushing with a slicker brush or steel comb will bring immaculate result to the breed’s low maintenance coat. Brush the coat with a slicker brush then follow up with combing through the hairs to remove loose dead hairs. Bathe only when the dog gets dirty or when necessary. Check the ears regularly using cotton balls dampened with ear cleaner when necessary. The nails should be cut at the tips using a nail clipper. This breed is a light shedder.
As a typical working dog, the Brittany is generally a healthy and hardy breed. The average lifespan of the Brittany in France is 12.6 years while a Kennel Club survey showed the median lifespan to be 12 years and 11 months. Among the health issues known to affect the breed are epilepsy (seizures), hip dysplasia, luxating patella or loose knees, glaucoma, cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), retinal dysplasia, canine discoid lupus erythematosus, and hypothyroidism. Cerebellar ataxia, a type of neurological disease and haemophilia A, a blood-clotting disease have been observed but in rare cases.
As an energetic breed, the Brittany needs at least an hour or more of hearty exercise on a daily basis. Lack of exercise for a working dog, particularly a gundog may result in unruly behaviour, such as excessive barking, chewing or digging. A Brittany that does not get proper exercise can become hypersensitive and over-active. Long brisk walks or jogging on a daily basis are ideal exercises. Running alongside a bike on a lead is also good exercise for the Brittany.
The Brittany is a very sociable animal, is packed with energy and loves to run, jump and play so it is an excellent companion with children. In its natural environment, this breed is often seen working with other dogs in the hunt, which makes it very good with other dogs in the house