The Australian Cattle Dog is a medium-sized dog with a well-muscled, compact body covered by thick coat of coarse, oily hair with a minor ruff, and fine winter undercoat. Its coat is composed of alternating coloured and white hairs, with a solid colour facial mask. The Cattle Dog's alternate colours are blue (Blue Heeler) and red (Red Heeler), having a body flecked with red and white as opposed to blue and white. Regularly-placed denser areas of dark colour appear as spots, descended from the Dalmatian breed. Blue Heelers have darker blue spots while Red Heelers have darker red patches. Stripes of white hair in the centre of the forehead known as a Bentley Mark is common, typically from ½ inch to 3 inches (2 - 7 cm). On average, dogs stand between 18 to 20 inches (45 - 51 cm) and weighs 32 to 35 pounds (15 - 16 kg.) Bitches stand between 17 - 19 inches (43 - 48 cm) at withers and typically weigh 30 to 35 pounds (14 - 16 kg). They have large pricked ears and a big broad head.
All dog breeds have different levels of intellect. Some dog breeds; working dogs in particular, are very independent thinkers and have been evolved to be very intelligent. Typically, a highly intelligent dog does well in obedience training and other activities. A highly intelligent dog can be very demanding and do require lots of physical and mental stimulation. If you’re looking for a relatively laid-back dog, that doesn’t require lots of mental and physical stimulation, then you must fully understand the level of intelligence of your dog breed of choice.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, you must fully understand their intellect levels and their specific levels of energy. To keep your dog well-balanced and happy, their needs must be met and maintained.
All dog breeds have different needs when it comes to the level of exercise they require. For the high energy dogs; which are your typical working dogs, they have a lot of energy and require lots of daily exercise along with plenty of mental stimulation. A highly energetic dog breed would suit an individual or family that is equally as active and loves the outdoors. There are also breeds that have relatively low exercise needs, such as toy dog breeds. Although they require daily exercise and mental stimulation, they’re just as happy chilling at home with their loved ones. This type of dog breed would suit an individual or family that prefers the peace and quiet and relaxation.
Before deciding on your chosen dog breed, Mypetzilla recommends that you research the exercise needs and whether you’re well equipped before committing to buying or adopting a particular dog breed.
There are several dog breeds that are known and potentially predisposed to developing health related conditions. Sensible breeding can help prevent the onset of health related conditions and this should always be taken into condition when researching your dog breed of choice. Before committing to a dog, you should speak to the breeder about any health related conditions that may affect the dog you’re looking to buy or adopt. You can also request to see any test results from genetic testing.
There are many dog breeds that tolerate children really well and are not affected by the constant noise and need for play-time. However, there are some dog breeds that don’t do very well with children and can become frustrated and snappy. That being said, all children should be shown how to handle and care for a dog in their home and should always be supervised when playing. As much as a dog can become annoyed and snappy with a younger child, the child can also become less tolerant and misbehaved towards the dog.
Mypetzilla recommends that you always supervise play-time between your children and dog. Children need to respect the boundaries and feeding time for the dog and likewise for the child. We also strongly advise that play-time doesn’t get out of control and too rough which can cause injury to both child and dog.
There are lots of dog breeds that are well suited to living in an apartment. It’s worthwhile noting that you need to check that you’re allowed dogs in your building before committing to bringing one home. If you do decide to own a dog and are living in an apartment, then you must make sure that they have plenty of room to roam around and frequent walks outside to prevent them from becoming bored and depressed.
Mypetzilla recommends that you check as to whether you’re allowed dogs in your apartment building and to fully ensure your apartment is dog proof before committing fully to bringing a dog home.
All dog breeds shed to some extent, some more than others. With this, all potential dog owners should be aware of this, as it will be a matter of putting up with some hair or lots of hair being left around the house. Depending on the dog breed, there are certain times during the year where some dog breeds shed the most and this is typically around spring and autumn. However, there are some dog breeds that shed all year round.
If you’re very house-proud, they you may want to choose a dog breed that sheds very little. Mypetzilla strongly recommends that you fully research your dog breed of choice and their shedding levels before committing.
All dog breeds require different levels of grooming. Some dog breeds are easier to maintain than others and only require a weekly brush to help keep their coat in good condition. There are some dog breeds that require regular trips to the grooming parlour and this can come at a huge cost. Either way, all dog breeds require their coat and nails to be maintained and cared for.
Mypetzilla strongly advices that potential owners research the grooming needs and associated costs with their desired dog breed before fully committing.
Barking is a necessity for your dog to communicate. However, it can also be a nuisance to yourself and fellow neighbours if it’s not kept under control. If you live in an apartment, then you’re better off choosing a dog breed that doesn’t bark as much. If you live further out and far from civilisation, then it’s worthwhile looking into a dog breed that does bark and will bark to alert you of any other company on your property.
Mypetzilla advices that you research the behaviours of your dog breed of choice and whether this would work for you and your family. It’s worth noting that dogs can be trained to bark less and this will take a lot of effort and training from the owner.
Majority dog breeds form very close relationships with their owners and as a result can become very stressed when left alone for a period of time. If a dog is suffering with separation anxiety then they’re very likely to become destructive around the home as a way of dealing with their anxieties. Dog breeds that do form strong bonds with their owners are better accustomed to a household where one member of the family remains home, whilst the others are out, this is to help avoid further anxieties and destructive behaviours.
Mypetzilla recommends that all potential owners research their dog breed of choice on their bonding abilities and how well-adjusted they are to being left alone at home. It’s also worth noting that you should never leave your dog for longer than 4 hours alone at home.
There are certain dogs breeds that have very high intellect and therefore easier to train than other dog breeds. There is also a downside to this; as fast as they learn the new trick or command, they can easily pick up bad habits just as quick. Other dog breeds that don’t rank as high on the intellect scale require patience and plenty of reward treats from their owners during training.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, Mypetzilla advices you to fully research your dog breed of choice and their level of training needs.
All dog breeds have different energy levels. The working dog breed has one of the highest energy levels in comparison to the low-energy dog’s breeds such as the Toy dog breed group. To keep a dog truly happy, healthy and well-balanced, their energy levels must be met.
High-energy dog breeds need lots of exercise and mental stimulation. High energy dog breeds would suit an active family or person. Dog breeds that are considered as low-energy, love to spend the majority of their time relaxing and sleeping in their favourite, comfy spot. A low-energy dog breed would suit an individual that equally loves the quiet life and relaxing lifestyle. Of course, low-energy dogs still need their daily walks and mental stimulation, just not as much as a high-energy dog breed.
Mypetzilla recommends that potential owner research fully on the type of dog breed that would suit their existing lifestyle and to also take into consideration the dog breeds energy levels and exercise requirements.
Before you decide on what dog breed would be suitable for you and your family, you must consider whether they’re a friendly dog breed and if you already have other pets within the household. For homes that already have dogs and other domestic pets, then it’s wise to choose a dog breed that has a friendly personality and temperament.
There are some dog breeds that mix well with other dog breeds and there are others that don’t suit one another and this could potentially cause issues later on down the line.
Another important point to consider is whether the dog breed of choice is friendly towards people and children.
Mypetzilla recommends to research fully on the right dog breed for your family and to also consider their temperament and characteristics.
The Australian Cattle Dog was created in the 19th century by pioneer settlers for herding flocks through cross-breeding several kinds of dogs, because of their many useful traits, such as Smooth Coated Collies from Scotland, Dalmatian, Australian Kelpie, Bull Terrier and a couple of infusions of the Dingo, Australia's wild dog. Each new breed brought some more desirable traits to this excellent herding dog.
Thomas Smith began breeding a herding dog commonly known as heelers as they had to bite the heels of the animal they where herding without damaging the animal, this included cattle and other livestock. To create a hardy dog that could survive in the outback, typical herding dogs where crossed with Dingo's resulting in a breed called 'Timmins Biters' which were quiet when herding but bit too hard at the heels of the animals, so Border Collies and Smooth coated Collies were cross-bred with Australia's wild dogs (dingoes). In 1840, Thomas Hall produced the 'Hall's Heeler' by cross-breeding a couple of Blue Smooth Highland Collies with dingoes. In 1870, Fred Davis added a breed of Bull Terrier to the Hall's Heeler to make them more aggressive. The result is a slightly heavier and more muscular breed than the Border Collie. In 1893, Robert Kaleski came up with a breed standard which was approved in Australia in 1903.
The Australian Cattle Dog is one of the most intelligent breed of dogs, but are easily bored which can lead to destructive behaviour problems especially if they don't get the proper exercise. Since they were originally bred to herd cattle, these dogs are silent workers and do not bark excessively. They are habitual diggers and foragers, traits descended from the Dingo.
The Australian Cattle Dog is very easy to train. It is an absolutely loyal breed and very obedient to its master.
The breed's short-haired coating needs very minimal care making it quite easy to groom. A firm bristle brush may be sufficient to comb the hair. Shedding happens once or twice annually.
Dietary requirements should match the breed's native food supplies found in the Australian outback, such as vegetables, wheat, oats, and low fat meat. High fiber, low fat commercial foods with a blend of beef, wheat and corn are excellent. Avoid feeding an Australian Cattle Dog any soy, white rice, beet pulp, poultry or fish.
The Australian Cattle Dog is a fairly long-lived breed, reaching an average age of 12 to 15 years. However, there are a few health concerns for the Cattle Dog, most notably regarding eyesight, including:
Other known health problems for this breed are:
Occasional deafness can also occur, so make sure to ask breeders about deafness testing.
The Australian Cattle Dog needs a lot of outdoor exercise and is not suitable for apartment life because it tends to be destructive and will chew on anything when bored. It's ability to climb and dig holes (instincts maintained from the Dingo) means that it must be kept with a high fence with buried base.
This breed tends to be bossy, protective and alert so it makes an excellent guard dog, although not very good with other dogs as its dominance level is high. It is also not good with children except for family members whom it has grown up with because they tend to nip at people's heels in an attempt to herd them.