This breed of Dog is mastiff type of dog and is known for it's flock-protecting attributes with it's origins tracking back to the ancient silk routes and would have been known then as Çoban Kopegi which would have translated to the "Shepherd’s Dog" name. Over the years the breeds name has been refined and they are now finally registered as the Anatolian Shepherd Dog but they are sometimes called as Kangal. The name Kangal originates from a town in Turkey where these dogs are most popular.
The Anatolian Shepherd, also known as Karabas (Blackhead) and Çoban köpegi, is a large breed of shepherd dog with a rugged, large and very strong body. It is an adaptable breed, able to withstand the hot summers and freezing winters of the Anatolian Plateau. This muscular breed has a proportionally large skull with a square, strong muzzle with black mask, strong jaw, scissors bite, solid black or brown nose, almond shaped, medium size eyes that are dark brown to light amber in colour. The triangular ears have rounded apex, measures about 15cm in length and dropped to the sides of the head. It also has a thick neck, slightly arched and powerful – an important characteristic of an animal used to subdue predators. It has a tail that reaches to the hocks, carried low with the end curled upwards when the dog is at rest. The well-boned, straight front legs are also muscular. The hind legs are supported by broad and heavily-muscled thighs. All four feet are protected by rough, thick pads. The coat can either be short (2.5cm) or rough (10cm) with slightly longer neck hair and comes in all colour patterns, although white cream and sesame are the dominant colours. Male Karabas stand between 66cm and 79cm in height while females stand between 68cm and 76 cm. A typical adult weighs between 40kg and 70kg with males on the heavier side of the scale.
All dog breeds have different levels of intellect. Some dog breeds; working dogs in particular, are very independent thinkers and have been evolved to be very intelligent. Typically, a highly intelligent dog does well in obedience training and other activities. A highly intelligent dog can be very demanding and do require lots of physical and mental stimulation. If you’re looking for a relatively laid-back dog, that doesn’t require lots of mental and physical stimulation, then you must fully understand the level of intelligence of your dog breed of choice.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, you must fully understand their intellect levels and their specific levels of energy. To keep your dog well-balanced and happy, their needs must be met and maintained.
All dog breeds have different needs when it comes to the level of exercise they require. For the high energy dogs; which are your typical working dogs, they have a lot of energy and require lots of daily exercise along with plenty of mental stimulation. A highly energetic dog breed would suit an individual or family that is equally as active and loves the outdoors. There are also breeds that have relatively low exercise needs, such as toy dog breeds. Although they require daily exercise and mental stimulation, they’re just as happy chilling at home with their loved ones. This type of dog breed would suit an individual or family that prefers the peace and quiet and relaxation.
Before deciding on your chosen dog breed, Mypetzilla recommends that you research the exercise needs and whether you’re well equipped before committing to buying or adopting a particular dog breed.
There are several dog breeds that are known and potentially predisposed to developing health related conditions. Sensible breeding can help prevent the onset of health related conditions and this should always be taken into condition when researching your dog breed of choice. Before committing to a dog, you should speak to the breeder about any health related conditions that may affect the dog you’re looking to buy or adopt. You can also request to see any test results from genetic testing.
There are many dog breeds that tolerate children really well and are not affected by the constant noise and need for play-time. However, there are some dog breeds that don’t do very well with children and can become frustrated and snappy. That being said, all children should be shown how to handle and care for a dog in their home and should always be supervised when playing. As much as a dog can become annoyed and snappy with a younger child, the child can also become less tolerant and misbehaved towards the dog.
Mypetzilla recommends that you always supervise play-time between your children and dog. Children need to respect the boundaries and feeding time for the dog and likewise for the child. We also strongly advise that play-time doesn’t get out of control and too rough which can cause injury to both child and dog.
There are lots of dog breeds that are well suited to living in an apartment. It’s worthwhile noting that you need to check that you’re allowed dogs in your building before committing to bringing one home. If you do decide to own a dog and are living in an apartment, then you must make sure that they have plenty of room to roam around and frequent walks outside to prevent them from becoming bored and depressed.
Mypetzilla recommends that you check as to whether you’re allowed dogs in your apartment building and to fully ensure your apartment is dog proof before committing fully to bringing a dog home.
All dog breeds shed to some extent, some more than others. With this, all potential dog owners should be aware of this, as it will be a matter of putting up with some hair or lots of hair being left around the house. Depending on the dog breed, there are certain times during the year where some dog breeds shed the most and this is typically around spring and autumn. However, there are some dog breeds that shed all year round.
If you’re very house-proud, they you may want to choose a dog breed that sheds very little. Mypetzilla strongly recommends that you fully research your dog breed of choice and their shedding levels before committing.
All dog breeds require different levels of grooming. Some dog breeds are easier to maintain than others and only require a weekly brush to help keep their coat in good condition. There are some dog breeds that require regular trips to the grooming parlour and this can come at a huge cost. Either way, all dog breeds require their coat and nails to be maintained and cared for.
Mypetzilla strongly advices that potential owners research the grooming needs and associated costs with their desired dog breed before fully committing.
Barking is a necessity for your dog to communicate. However, it can also be a nuisance to yourself and fellow neighbours if it’s not kept under control. If you live in an apartment, then you’re better off choosing a dog breed that doesn’t bark as much. If you live further out and far from civilisation, then it’s worthwhile looking into a dog breed that does bark and will bark to alert you of any other company on your property.
Mypetzilla advices that you research the behaviours of your dog breed of choice and whether this would work for you and your family. It’s worth noting that dogs can be trained to bark less and this will take a lot of effort and training from the owner.
Majority dog breeds form very close relationships with their owners and as a result can become very stressed when left alone for a period of time. If a dog is suffering with separation anxiety then they’re very likely to become destructive around the home as a way of dealing with their anxieties. Dog breeds that do form strong bonds with their owners are better accustomed to a household where one member of the family remains home, whilst the others are out, this is to help avoid further anxieties and destructive behaviours.
Mypetzilla recommends that all potential owners research their dog breed of choice on their bonding abilities and how well-adjusted they are to being left alone at home. It’s also worth noting that you should never leave your dog for longer than 4 hours alone at home.
There are certain dogs breeds that have very high intellect and therefore easier to train than other dog breeds. There is also a downside to this; as fast as they learn the new trick or command, they can easily pick up bad habits just as quick. Other dog breeds that don’t rank as high on the intellect scale require patience and plenty of reward treats from their owners during training.
Before committing to a certain dog breed, Mypetzilla advices you to fully research your dog breed of choice and their level of training needs.
All dog breeds have different energy levels. The working dog breed has one of the highest energy levels in comparison to the low-energy dog’s breeds such as the Toy dog breed group. To keep a dog truly happy, healthy and well-balanced, their energy levels must be met.
High-energy dog breeds need lots of exercise and mental stimulation. High energy dog breeds would suit an active family or person. Dog breeds that are considered as low-energy, love to spend the majority of their time relaxing and sleeping in their favourite, comfy spot. A low-energy dog breed would suit an individual that equally loves the quiet life and relaxing lifestyle. Of course, low-energy dogs still need their daily walks and mental stimulation, just not as much as a high-energy dog breed.
Mypetzilla recommends that potential owner research fully on the type of dog breed that would suit their existing lifestyle and to also take into consideration the dog breeds energy levels and exercise requirements.
Before you decide on what dog breed would be suitable for you and your family, you must consider whether they’re a friendly dog breed and if you already have other pets within the household. For homes that already have dogs and other domestic pets, then it’s wise to choose a dog breed that has a friendly personality and temperament.
There are some dog breeds that mix well with other dog breeds and there are others that don’t suit one another and this could potentially cause issues later on down the line.
Another important point to consider is whether the dog breed of choice is friendly towards people and children.
Mypetzilla recommends to research fully on the right dog breed for your family and to also consider their temperament and characteristics.
The Anatolian Shepherd is one of the ancient breeds of canine, probably dating back to more than 6,000 years ago and descended from ancient Mesopotamian mastiff-type dogs used for hunting and fighting. Originally used to guard sheep against wolves, bears, lions and other large predators, the Çoban köpegi (“shepherd’s dog” in Turkish) originated in the Anatolia region of what is now modern-day Turkey. It is an invaluable livestock protector, able to withstand extreme weather and endure the nomadic lifestyle of Turkish shepherds protecting the flock with little or no special attention from the shepherds.
The first pair of Anatolian Shepherds were brought to the UK by author and archaeologist Charmian Hussey in the 1960s. The British Museum in London has a bas relief of a dog from Babylonia that greatly resembles the Anatolian Shepherd. Today, the Anatolian is still used as a sheep guard dog.
The Anatolian Shepherd is naturally independent, alert, intelligent, calm and vigilant with a superb sense of sight and hearing. It is instinctively protective and will defend its territory from any intruders – a trait of a natural guard dog. It is wary around strangers but early socialisation can correct this attitude. It possesses great speed and endurance.
A large, territorial dog such as the Anatolian Shepherd requires a lot of socialisation and training at an early age from a firm and confident owner who can provide a positive, motivational, and consistent training. Early socialisation and exposure to other people and animals is particularly vital because a fully grown Anatolian Shepherd will be too big and difficult to train. Inheriting its natural independence from its ancestors, an Anatolian puppy is a bit more challenging to train than other breeds and can be slower to respond to commands. Training must be done in a firm, subtle and consistent manner by an experienced owner.
The thick double coat requires minimal grooming and will usually benefit from brushing once or twice a week, but a lot more frequent during seasonal moulting twice a year when it experiences heavy shedding. This breed has little “doggy” odour and does not drool.
This is a sturdy dog that was bred especially to endure extreme hot and cold weather conditions. Among the minor health issues associated with the Anatolian Shepherd are skin allergies, lipoma, entropion, ear infections and canine hip dysplasia. A study by The Kennel Club (UK) in 2004 indicates that the leading causes of death for this breed are cancer, cardiac diseases and old age. This breed is sensitive to anaesthesia. Typical lifespan is 12 to 13 years but there are records of dogs that live longer.
Being a large breed plus a working dog that belong to the pastoral group, the Anatolian Shepherd requires a lot of exercise to stay physically and mentally fit. More than two hours of exercise per day is the minimum exercise requirement. It is not suitable for an apartment living because of its sheer size. A large country home where it can run in open but protected areas is an ideal home for this breed. This breed likes to roam so it must be allowed to run freely only under supervision and in a fenced environment.
Although the Anatolian Shepherd is a high protective breed, it is generally calm, friendly and patient and is very good with children especially with his immediate family. However, care must be taken when the dog is around small children as it can easily knock them down accidentally with its sheer size. It will do well with other pets including cats provided that it is introduced early as a puppy with these animals. An Anatolian Shepherd typically matures between 1.5 years to 2.5 years old.